The Clementine Oranges Vs Mandarin Oranges:
There is nothing better than a fresh orange in season. Oranges are considered citrus fruits and there are actually many varieties that are grown and cultivated for our consumption. In the orange family Rutaceae, the mandarin, scientific name Citrus reticulata, is considered one class of orange that contains different types, such as tangerines, satsumas and clementines. Clementines, for example, are a type of mandarin, but have their own characteristics and history.
The mandarin orange is a small variety of orange, more oblong than round, with a thin, loose bright-orange or red-orange colored peel. The peel is easily removable and the segments are easily separated. The mandarin orange tree is smaller than a standard orange tree, reaching a maximum height of 7.5 m with age. The tree is more tolerant of drought but the fruit is also easily damaged by cold. The clementine is the smallest variety of mandarin, very sweet, and is a hybrid cross of the sweet orange and a mandarin. They are also seedless and thus considered a popular eating orange. The clementine is often called the Christmas orange because its peak season is November through January.
History of the mandarin:
The mandarin is native to south-eastern Asia, such as China, Japan, India, East-Indies and the Philippines, and has been around since 2000 BC. The different mandarin varieties were slowly introduced into North America at different times by individual cultivators. The initial cultivation in the United States mostly began in Mississippi, Florida and Alabama.
Origin of the clementine:
As for the clementine, its specific origin is questionable. Some say the clementine was discovered in 1902 as an accidental hybrid mutation by a monk in Algeria, Father Clement, who nurtured the tree and named it after himself. Others, such as the Japanese botanist Tanaka, claim it originated in China much earlier. Either way, the clementine was grown and commercially produced in Spain and has been widely available in Europe.
It was first introduced into the United States in 1909 by the Department of Agriculture, starting in Florida, and then arriving in California in 1914. Clementines became more popular in the United States after a recent harsh winter ruined domestic orange production when clementines were imported from Europe.
Mandarin oranges are approximately 88 percent water and contain about 9.5 g sugar and 1.9 g fiber. The clementine specifically does not differ by much, containing 86.6 percent water with 9.1 g sugar and 1.7 g fiber. Mandarin oranges contain approximately 30 mg of vitamin C with clementines containing 48.8 mg. Mandarin oranges including clementines are acidic due to the presence of ascorbic acid and are considered a detoxifying fruit, however the acidity may cause problems for some people.